Water is a limited natural resource, and an essential element for life and health. Human’s right in water is an indispensable for living an honorable life as well as it is a preceding condition to the enactment of other human rights. The problem of deprivation of the right of water has a wide scale effect in developing countries as well as developed countries. Currently there is more than 1 billion persons who cannot acquire the basic requirements of water or who are not supplied with the appropriate sanitary facilities. The continuity of water pollution, its depletion and unjust distribution have led to the growth of the prevailing poverty as there is increase in water pollution in different areas and also high rate of infection with water diseases. Pollution of water environment is undoubtedly related to the territory of a certain state. However, this problem does have a universal dimension as water pollution in one country could lead to damage in many states. Such transboundary effect of water pollution gives rise to many difficulties on the international level as there is a need to identify the appropriate legal regime to be applied in order to undertake precautionary measures to prevent such damages as well as to explore methods to recover the sustained damages. In this paper, we will illustrate the concept and sources of water pollution, as well as the State’s role in securing the environment of the hazards of water pollution, and then, we will study the current international position regarding the legal protection of the water environment.
Water – Pollution‐ Environment protection ‐ international liability‐ precautionary measures.
|Yazar:||محمد صلاح عبدالله أبو رجب - Abdulmehsen bin Fetais al‐marri|